Trends in Dyslexia Research
A great book from Henry Tobias presenting state-of-the-art research about Dyslexia is out now.
Dyslexia is a brain based type of learning disability that specifically impairs a person’s ability to read. Although the disorder varies from person to person, common characteristics among people with dyslexia are difficulty in phonological processing and/or rapid visual-verbal responding. The syndrome of dyslexia does not imply low intelligence or poor educational potential and is independent of race and social background. Although dyslexia seems to be more prevalent in males than females, the exact ratio is unknown; the most commonly quoted figures are between 3:1 and 5:1. The evidence suggests that in at least two-thirds of cases, dyslexia has a genetic cause but in some cases birthing difficulties may play a role. Dyslexia may overlap with other conditions such as dyspraxia, attention deficit disorder and dysphasia. In childhood, its effects can be misattributed to emotional or behavioural disorders. By adulthood, many dyslexics will have developed their own sophisticated compensating strategies that mask their difficulties.
Review by Prof Michael Lewis